BEIJING – China’s national legislature is poised to vote this week on a draft law criticized by overseas governments for tightening controls over foreign non-governmental groups by bringing them under direct police supervision.
The proposed law requires that such groups accept police supervision and state the sources of their funding and how their budgets are spent, the official Xinhua News Agency reported Tuesday.
Police would also be permitted to interview administrators and force Chinese partner organizations to terminate any program considered a threat to state security, Xinhua said. Groups seeking to “subvert the state and split the nation” would be banned, it said.
The proposed legislation has drawn criticism from U.S. and European officials and business and academic organizations concerned it would severely restrict the operations of a wide range of groups.
Several hundred NGOs founded, run or financed by foreigners are now operating in China in fields ranging from animal protection to human rights law.
Most are registered with the government as branches of formal Chinese academic or social organizations, while others operate in a legal grey area that leaves them vulnerable to crackdowns by the security forces.
In one recent example, China in January released and immediately deported a Swedish man it accused of training and funding unlicensed lawyers in the country.
The third and final draft of the foreign NGO law is expected to be voted on by the National People’s Congress Standing Committee at its bi-monthly meeting this week. The committee handles the bulk of the congress’ legislative work outside of the full body’s annual two-week session.
Co-operative agreements between Chinese and overseas colleges, hospitals and science and engineering research institutes will continue to be handled under separate regulations.
While it would allow foreign NGOs to operate one-time or occasional programs in China, the new law would require their Chinese partners to obtain official approval and forbid them from hiring additional Chinese staff.
Of greatest concern to foreign groups and governments has been the naming of the Public Security Ministry as the overall body to govern foreign NGOs, something seen as casting those groups under undo suspicion. Those critics have suggested that the Civil Affairs Ministry would be a more logical oversight body.
Critics fear the law may lead to an onerous degree of scrutiny over administrators, with Xinhua saying police could bring investigations at will and demand the termination of any co-operation program “considered to undermine state security.”
“Overseas NGOs, which engage in illegal activities including those to subvert the state and split the nation, will be banned from operating on the mainland,” Xinhua said.